Hey everyone! We are a part of you and are named as Lung. We are here on occasion of HEALTHY LUNG MONTH with our dear friend Pulmonary Physiotherapist!! Here is a brief introduction about ourselves…

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We help you to breathe in oxygen and breathe out carbon-dioxide, one of the important processes to keep all your organs and systems working..!!! Have you heard first cry of the baby…?? It is when we start functioning and continue to do so till your last breath!

We develop from bud and expand into a mature functioning unit. We look as a bunch of grapes hanging on from a vine called trachea from where the air enters into the bronchi-bronchioles and finally to air sacs called alveoli where gas exchange occurs. This vital organ of the body rests inside the chest and is surrounded by ribs.

Do you all have a doubt why is it ‘we’ and ‘our’ in the introduction… everyone has two lungs, one on the right and other on the left which accommodates heart in between. We function in UNISON and help the body to rejuvenate itself and maintain one’s body physically, emotionally and mentally strong.


Smoke from cigars, bidi, household, factories and air pollution on inhalation, affect the layers of the trachea, bronchi and bronchioles and alters the functions of the alveoli causing difficulty in the clearance of mucous and foreign substances-bacteria, fungi and virus that enter us.

Photo by Irina Iriser on Pexels.com

Let us enumerate few conditions that hamper our functioning:

  • Pulmonary/respiratory diseases like asthma, COPD, tuberculosis, COVID infection etc.
  • Faulty postures (kyphosis, scoliosis, etc) prevent us from functioning optimally.
  • Neurological conditions like high cervical spinal cord injuries, Duchene muscular dystrophy, Parkinson’s disease etc.
  • Ageing


Pulmonary Physiotherapist indeed helps us to function efficiently to keep our rate, depth and pattern of work in sync. They aid us by teaching the individual to correct the breathing patterns and to attain efficient positions to relieve breathlessness.

Pulmonary Therapist aids in building up aerobic capacity by assessing how strong we are and prescribing various exercises where we can perform better. Strengthening your respiratory muscles including the diaphragm (prime respiratory muscle) by various muscle strengthening programs with the help of equipment or approaches. Besides, exercising not only helps to build up confidence but also allows you to perform better in your daily tasks.

 Like we mentioned above some conditions can cause pulmonary complications like cough/secretions, pulmonary physiotherapist aids to clear them with various techniques and approaches such as Coughing, Huffing, Autogenic drainage, Active cycle breathing technique and by maintaining bronchial hygiene.

We work as a team, relentlessly to keep you healthy and alive, so kindly take care of us for we are gentle ….!!! So this month, take a breather from your daily routine and show some love for your lung…

Authored by-
Dr T Rachana Reddy
Assistant Professor 
Specialized in Cardiopulmonary sciences
Special interest in teaching & research activities in health and fitness promotion, and non-communicable diseases

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